Wednesday, December 14, 2011

Who's the Best for the 99%?

The Metro Trends element of the Urban Institute says that it's Oklahoma City. In an article named, "Are Some Metros Better for the 99%?" on December 5, 2011, Margery Turner of Metro Trends gave a hint that Oklahoma City might fare well in an answer to that question in the tantalizing chart below (click on the chart and most other images in this post for a larger image):

On December 6, I received an email from Andrew Maddocks, a representative of Metro Trends/Urban Institute with this kindly message:
Hello from from a think tank in Washington D.C.! I hope all's well with you on this fine Tuesday.

We just published a blog mentioning Oklahoma City as one of the best cities in the country for low unemployment and affordable housing. Here's the key: "Somehow, it avoided the excesses of the boom years, and its economy has weathered the downturn better than most."

I wondered if you thought your readers might be interested in how their city compares to others around the country. If you're at all interested in linking to the post or re-posting, please let me know. You've clearly got a substantial readership there, and I'd love to share what the people at Urban are writing!
Well, it doesn't take all that much for me to get wholly puffed up, but the initial article didn't give much detail about Oklahoma City, simply saying that,
One region that looks good on these metrics is Oklahoma City. Somehow, it avoided the excesses of the boom years, and its economy has weathered the downturn better than most. Housing costs are low, and though wages are too, a personal service worker can almost afford the rent for a two-bedroom apartment. And at 5 percent, Oklahoma City’s unemployment rate is among the lowest in the country.

What can we learn from the Oklahoma City metro about keeping wages and housing costs in better balance through both good times and bad? For my next blog, I’ll track down some possible answers.
With those tantalizing remarks, I replied that I would but only after more detail was presented about Oklahoma City. Today, December 14, that additional detail was provided in a follow-up article, and it has some pretty darn cool things to say about our city and includes a great interactive map reflecting that our city just doesn't do well in comparative scores in the top 100 metro markets, IT SCORES #1, BEST OF ALL.

About UI   About Margery Turner   About the Study
The Study   Interactive Map   100 City Summary

PRELIMINARY REMARKS. Before getting to the heart of the matter, it's probably best to know a bit about who's doing the analysis and original reporting so we'll get a measure of how seriously that analysis and reporting should be taken. Here's that bit.

       About Urban Institute & Metro Trends. According to Wikipedia, the Urban Institute was established in 1968 by President Lyndon Johnson as "a Washington, D.C. based think tank that carries out nonpartisan economic and social policy research, collects data, evaluates social programs, educates the public on key domestic issues, and provides advice and technical assistance to developing governments abroad." The article says that it has a staff of about 350 and that its president is Robert D. Reischauer, former head of the Congressional Budget Office. There's more, but that's enough for me to take the organization seriously. According to this page at MetroTrends, MetroTrends is "the Urban Institute's report card on how metropolitan America is faring."

       About Margery Turner. Metro Trends identifies her as Vice President for Research at the Urban Institute and says,
A nationally recognized expert on urban policy and neighborhood issues, Ms. Turner has analyzed issues of residential location, racial and ethnic discrimination and its contribution to neighborhood segregation and inequality, and the role of housing policies in promoting residential mobility and location choice. She served as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Research at the Department of Housing and Urban Development from 1993 through 1996, and is co-author of Public Housing and the Legacy of Segregation.
Her Facebook page says that she is from New York (Ithaca HS 1973) and has degrees from Cornell University (1977, Government) and George Washington University (1983, Urban and Regional Planning). And she plays the flute. That's good enough for me.

       About The Study. It's best to keep in mind that this survey is solely about economics — it's not about quality of life or other urban pleasantries (or unpleasantries). It's about cities that have fared well and poorly through what the article calls the Great Recession (2nd quarter of 2007 through the 3rd quarter of 2011) and its focus is to identify cities that have fared well and poorly as measured by 4 criteria during that study period: (1) change in housing prices; (2) unemployment; (3) affordable housing for low wage workers; and (4) mortgage delinquency. Remember, this series of articles has to do with the 99%, not the 1%. If you are in the 99%, then these articles are about you.

The December 14 Report Card. Ms. Turner's December 14 article is titled, "Best and Worst Metros ... A Report Card on Economic Security." Among other things, Ms. Turner writes:
Metropolitan Oklahoma City’s diverse economy – including government, universities, energy, and high-tech firms -- has held up well in the Great Recession. It didn’t fall victim to the housing boom and bust (2000 to 2007), so rents and house prices today are remarkably affordable and few homeowners are facing foreclosure. And the region scores high on lots of “top ten” lists -- most affordable (Forbes), most recession-proof (Forbes), and best to start a small business (Fortune Small Business).

So I decided to grade all of the nation’s 100 biggest metros: which are best and which are worst for family economic security?
Unlike me, she appears to be a person of few words — she didn't name all of those "best" lists which have come out strongly for the city over the past couple of years in various categories, but that's a good enough start.

The Cool Interactive Map. This is the fun part. Without reading a thing in the article, scrolling down a bit presents this map of the country ...

Why does only Oklahoma City have that big blue dot? If that isn't enough to catch the attention of an Oklahoma Citian, what would be?

By clicking on that graphic, an exceptionally cool interactive map appears in which one can mouse-over a city to get snapshot of the study results:

Although you can click on any of the charts and maps shown in this post to get a larger view, here's the crop of the Oklahoma City summary shown in the above map. Note that one can download a much more detailed spreadsheet (Excel or comma delimited) file which I've done and will get back to shortly.

But for those who mainly want to play with that map, it is very easily done. The map also gives a reader the ability to change the weight given the 4 factors previously mentioned, if one doesn't like the equal (25%) weight given by the Urban Institute to the 4 factors used in reaching the conclusions that it did.

OK OK. If you've read my blog for very long, you already know that I'm a "map person." So let's play with the map. To play with the map in MetroTrends, click here. Or, you can play with it below, although you'll have to do more scrolling than in the MetroTrends location ... use the horizontal scroll bar at the bottom or the vertical scroll bar at the right.

Study Summaries. As said previously (and see Additional Resources, below), I've downloaded the Excel spreadsheet which gives much greater detail than the interactive map summaries do. The following table presents a summary of the spreadsheet data combined with the interactive map A-F scores which the spreadsheet does not reflect. About the latter, I've mouse-overed each of the 100 cities in the map to get city scores, A-F, which scores are not contained in the spreadsheet. I've truncated metropolitan area names to show only the 1st city name for metropolitan areas that have more than one city name in the metropolitan area name and have substituted an abbreviated form of "et al." (meaning and others) to be simply "etal." For example, in the Excel spreadsheet, the Nashville metro area is "Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Franklin, TN" but I've abbreviated that below to be "Nashville etal, TN." The top 50 metro areas are in the left column and the last 50 are in the right.

Metropolitan AreaRankScore Metropolitan AreaRankScore
Oklahoma City, OK1ANew Orleans etal, LA51C
Omaha etal, IA2A Richmond, VA52C
Wichita, KS3AAkron, OH53C
Tulsa, OK4A Lansing etal, MI54C
Des Moines, IA5ASpringfield, MA55C
Pittsburgh, PA6A Salt Lake City, UT56C
Madison, WI7AVirginia Beach etal, VA-NC57C
Austin etal, TX8A Charlotte etal, NC-SC58C
Baton Rouge, LA9AYoungstown etal, OH-PA59C
Buffalo etal, NY10A Worcester, MA60C
Little Rock etal, AR11AAllentown etal, PA-NJ61C
Lancaster, PA12A Cleveland etal, OH62D
San Antonio, TX13AHonolulu, HI63D
Harrisburg etal, PA14A Philadelphia etal, PA-NJ-DE-MD64D
Rochester, NY15ACharleston etal, SC65D
Greenville etal, SC16A Bridgeport etal,CT66D
Houston etal, TX17ABaltimore etal, MD67D
Dallas etal, TX18A New Haven etal, CT68D
Albuquerque, NM19AProvidence etal, RI-MA69D
Raleigh et al, NC20A Seattle etal, WA70D
El Paso, TX21BAtlanta etal, GA71D
Denver etal, CO22B Tuscon, AZ72D
Knoxville, TN23BBoise City etal, ID73D
Syracuse, NY24B New York etal, NY-NJ-PA74D
Scranton etal, PA25BMemphis, TN-MS-AR75D
Colorado Springs, CO26B Washington etal, DC-VA-MD-WV76D
Nashville etal, TN27BPoughkeepsie etal, NY77D
Augusta etal, GA-SC28B Chicago etal, IL-IN-WI78D
Louisville etal, TN-KY29BSan Francisco etal, CA79D
Albany etal, NY30B San Jose etal, CA80D
Grand Rapids etal, MI31BDetroit etal, MI81F
Columbia, SC32B Santa Rosa etal, CA82F
Columbus, OH33BSan Deigo etal, CA83F
St. Louis, MO-IL34B Phoenix etal, AZ84F
Indianapolis etal, IN35BOxnard etal, CA85F
Kansas City, MO-IL36B Jacksonville, FL86F
McAllen etal, TX37BLos Angeles etal, CA87F
Boston etal, MA-NH38B Sacrameto etal, CA88F
Cincinnati et al, OH-KY-IN39BFresno, CA89F
Greensboro etal, NCMA-NH40B Bakersfield, CA90F
Minneapolis et al, MN-WI41CPalm Bay etal, FL91F
Chatanooga, TN-GA42C Tampa etal, FL92F
Birgmingham etal, AL43CLakeland etal, FL93F
Jackson, MS44C Bradenton etal, FL94F
Hartford etal, CT45CRiverside etal, CA95F
Toldeo, OH46C Orlando, FL96F
Portland etal, OR-WA47CModesto, CA97F
Milwaukee etal, WI48C Stocton, CA98F
Dayton, OH49CMiami et al, FL99F
Portland etal, ME50C Las Vegas etal, NV100F

Additional Resources: Steve Lackmeyer published a brief article about this in the December 15, Oklahoman. I've also modified the original Excel file for it to be a bit more readable, and to add a tab/page in the file for the summary shown above. Click here to download that file. Or, click here for the original Excel file without my tampering.

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Margery Turner said...

Thanks for your great piece on the Urban Institute's MetroTrends report card. We'd be interested in learning more from you and your readers about what you think makes Greater Oklahoma City #1. And maybe anything you think still "needs improvement." Glad you like the interactive map. We'll be posting more like it in the New Year.

Doug Dawg said...

You're welcome, Margery, but thank YOU for the article and research that you did. More about why I and those who live here think that Okc is #1? Where to begin ...